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MLA Style of Citation

Books

 BOOK BY ONE AUTHOR:

Brown, Dee. Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the West.  New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970.

 BOOK BY MORE THAN ONE AUTHOR:

Kimball, James, and Jean Anderson.  Art of American Indian Cooking. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1965.

 BOOK BY THREE OR MORE AUTHORS:

Bell, Roseann, et al. Sturdy Black Bridges: Visions of Black Women In Lite.  Garden City, N.J.: Anchor, 1979.

 BOOK WITH NO AUTHOR:

The Aesop for Children. Chicago:  Rand McNally, 1984.

 BOOK WITH A CORPORATE AUTHOR:

National Policy Association.  Welfare Reform. New York:  McGraw, 1992.

 WORK WITHIN A COLLECTION OF PIECES BY ONE AUTHOR:

Hughes, Langston. "April Rain Song." The Dream Keeper and Other Poems . New York:  Knopf, 1932. 8.

 WORK WITHIN A COLLECTION OF PIECES (ANTHOLOGY) BY DIFFERENT AUTHORS:

Marcus, Lloyd. "The Treatment of Minorities in Secondary School Textbooks: Conclusions." Minorities In a Changing World.  Ed. Milton L. Barron. New York:  Alfred A. Knopf, 1967.  201-204.

 ARTICLE IN A BIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCE BOOK OR COLLECTION OF CRITICAL REVIEWS AUTHOR GIVEN:

Stevick, Philip. "Kurt Vonnegut, Jr." Contemporary Literary Criticism. Vol. 5. Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1976.

 ARTICLE IN A BIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCE BOOK OR COLLECTION OF CRITICAL REVIEWS, NO AUTHOR:

Locher, Frances C., ed. "Warren Casey." Contemporary Authors. Vol. 10 .1. Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1981.

 ENCYCLOPEDIA ARTICLE, AUTHOR GIVEN (YOU DON'T NEED FULL PUBLICATION INFORMATION IF YOU ARE USING A WELL-KNOWN ENCYCLOPEDIA):

Mahadevan, T.M. "Indians, American." Collier's Encyclopedia . 1995 ed.

 BOOK WITH VOLUME NUMBERS (NOT AN ENCYCLOPEDIA):

Smith, Richard K  A History of Religion in the United States.  Vol. 3. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1993

 Periodicals

JOURNAL ARTICLE, AUTHOR GIVEN CONTINUOUS PAGINATION:

Scotto, Peter.  “Censorship, Reading, and Interpretation:  A Case Study from the Soviet Union.”  PMLA 109 (1994):  61-70.

 JOURNAL ARTICLE, AUTHOR  THAT PAGES EACH ISSUE SEPARATELY:

Barthelmew, Frederick.  “Architecture.”  Kansas Quarterly 13.3-4 (1981):  77-80.

 MAGAZINE ARTICLE, AUTHOR GIVEN:

Bazell, Robert.  “Science and Society:  Growth Industry.”  New Republic 15 Mar. 1993:  13-15.

 NEWSPAPER  ARTICLE, AUTHOR GIVEN:

Lederman, Douglas.  “Athletic Merit vs. Academic Merit.”  Chronicle of Higher Education 30 Mar. 1994:  A37-38.

 PAMPHLET, AUTHOR GIVEN:

McLaughlin, Robert. A Native American Challenge . New York:  Ford Foundation's Office of Reports, 1976.

 Interviews, TV, CD-ROM, & Videos

 INTERVIEW, IN PERSON OR TELEPHONE:

Winfrey, Oprah. Personal Interview.  12 Oct. 1998.

Winfrey, Oprah. Telephone Interview.  12 Oct.  1998.

 INTERVIEW , BROADCAST ON TV OR RADIO, PAPER:

Winfrey, Oprah.  Interview with Barbara Walters.  20/20.  ABC.   WABC, New York.  9 Aug. 2002. 

Winfrey, Oprah.  “Oprah & Black Audiences.”  New York Times 10 Oct. 1991, late ed.: C25.

 CD-ROM PROGRAM, AUTHOR GIVEN:

Kruh, Nancy. "The Unwanted." SIRS Researcher. CD-ROM. Boca Raton: Social Issues Resources Series, Inc., 1999.

 TELEVISION PRODUCTION:

“The First Americans." Narr. Hugh Downs. Writ. Craig Fisher. NBC News Special.  KFOR,  Oklahoma City.  21 Jan. 1993.

 FILM OR VIDEO RECORDING:

It’s a Wonderful Life. Dir. Frank Capra.  Perf. James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel Barrymore, and Thomas Mitchell.  RKO,    1946.

It’s a Wonderful Life. Dir. Frank Capra.  Perf. James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel Barrymore, and Thomas Mitchell.  1946.  DVD.  Republic, 1998. 

 PAINTING, SCULPTURE, OR PHOTOGRAPH :

Rembrandt van Rijn.  Aristotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. 

 MUSICAL COMPOSITION-PUBLISHED SCORE:

Bethoven, Ludwig van.  Symphony No. 8 in F, Op.  93.  New York:  Dover, 1989.

 MAP:

Oklahoma:  1999-2000 Official State Map.  Map.  Oklahoma City:  William & Heintz Map Corporation, 2000. 

 Internet, Electronic Communications & Online Databases

INTERNET (BASIC FORMAT):

Author. "Title of short work within a larger project." Editor or compiler. Publication information of any print version. Title of Entire project.  Editor of entire project or database. Any identifying number (version, volume, issue information). Date of publication or latest update. Name of institution sponsoring the web site. Date researcher assessed the web site and <electronic address of the site>.

 ONLINE BOOK:

Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness. New York: Harper Brothers, 1910.  15 Jan. 1998. <http:sunsite.berkeley.edu/Literature/Conrad/HeartofDarkness/0I.html>.

 PART OF AN ONLINE BOOK THAT IS ALSO PART OF SCHOLARLY PROJECT:

Poe, Edgar Allen.  “Annabel Lee.”  Poetical Works.  New York:  Harper, 1940.  Project:  Save the Classics.  Ed. Simon Boles.  May 1998.  Iowa U.  29 September 2001.  <http://www.savetheclassics.org/fiction/american/poe.htm>.

 ONLINE ARTICLE IN A SCHOLARLY JOURNAL:

Fredricks, Jose.  “Life & Death in the Ghetto.”  Journal of Psychology 23.4 (1999).  27 April 2000 <http://americanpsychologicalassociation.org/jofpsychology/23.4/001.htm>.

 ONLINE ARTICLE IN A MAGAZINE OR NEWSPAPER:

Simmons, Francis.  “Death of a Salesman.”  Washington Post 22 June 2001.  22 Aug. 2002 <http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp~srv/Wplate/2001~6/22/0487~o897-idx.html>.

 Thompson, Dick. "Rendezvous for Old Rivals." Time 27 Mar. 1995.  20 Apr. 1998 <http://www.pathfinder.com/time/magazinetarcWve/1995/950327/950327.html>.

 ONLINE GOVERNMENT PUBLICATION:

United States.  Dept. of Transportation.  Natl. Highway Traffic Safety Administration.  Airbags & Child Safety Seats.  By Joan Bailey.  Feb. 2000.  23 Jan. 2001 <http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov>.

 ONLINE DOCUMENT WITHIN AN INFORMATION DATABASE:

“Pol Pot.”  World Book Online Americas Edition.  2002.  World Book, Inc.  20 Oct. 2002.  <http://www.worldbookonline.com /ar?/ na/ ar/ co/ ar725710.htm>.

 WORK FROM AN ONLINE SERVICE:

“Oklahoma.”  Compton’s Encyclopedia Online.  Vers. 2.4.  1999.  America Online.  4 Jan. 1999.  Keyword:  Compton’s.

 Jefferson, George.  “Definitions & Reading Comprehension.”  Reading Teacher 15 March 2000:  90-122.  Academic Search Elite.  EBSCOHost.  East Central High School Lib., Tulsa.  2 Mar. 1999.  <http:search.epnet.com>.

 Haskins, James S.  “The Life and Death of Martin Luther King, Jr.”  U*X*L Junior DISCovering Authors.  U*X*L, 1997.  Reproduced in Student Resource Center Bronze.  InfoTrac.  Memorial High School Lib., Tulsa.  31 October 2002 <http://infotrac.galegroup.com>.

 E-MAIL MESSAGE:

Casserly, James. "Aviation News." E-mail to Robert A. Baron. 27 Jun. 1998.

 ONLINE POSTING:

Martin, Simon.  “Ovarian Cancer.”  Online posting.  11 Mar. 1998. Medical Discussion Group.  21 September 1999 <http://www.berkley.edu/ipsa/mdg/ovarian.htm>.

 ONLINE PAINTING, SCULPTURE, OR PHOTOGRAPH:

Johnson, Jim.  Portrait of My Mother.    Louvre, Paris.  30 January 2000 <http://www.louvre.fr>.

 ONLINE MAP:

“Enid, Oklahoma.”  Map.  U.S. Gazetteer.  US Census Bureau.  30 May 1998 <http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/gazetteer>.

 PERSONAL OR PROFESSIONAL SITE:  If title given underline, if no title add description like home page and do not underline or put in quotation marks.

Jefferson, Frank.  Wonders of Nature.  23 Oct. 1998 <http://www.nature1.com/nature.htm>.

Simpson, Bart.  Home page.  1 Feb. 1997.  <http://www.bartsimpson2001.com>.

Science and Technology Home Page.  23 March 2001.  Dept. of Science and Technology.  U of Illinois.  7 Feb. 2002 <http://www.universityofIllinois.edu/scienceandtechnology/>.

 NOTE: If in item of information is not available, write "no author", "no date", "no place", etc. in place on the bibliographic card. This will remind you that you did not forget the information. On the works cited page of your paper, do not use "no author", etc.

  Material derived based on MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 5th edition by Joseph Gibaldi.

Last Modified:  08/10/2008
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